RsimpsonWhat's a good setup(line, flys etc) for a beginner? I plan on fishing in mostly a freshwater river with mostly trout with a rocky sandy bottom
What is your location? Do you think that the rivers you are fishing will be wide open with a lot of room to cast, or more close quarters with tree limbs and other shit everywhere? . Get a 8'6'' or 9' rod, preferably a 4-5 weight, and a matching weight reel, and don't worry about buying expensive shit. A Cabela's brand "three forks" rod\reel combo will do you nicely. If your fishing narrow rivers and streams with little room to cast, an 8' or 7'6'' rod might be a more appropriate length. Most rod\reel combo setups usually come with backing and weighted forward floating fly line, which is exactly what you will need.
The only other things you really need are a good pair of waders and a net. Nylon chest waders will be good for pretty much everything. I have some hip waders too that I got at Walmart as a cheap backup. The net is not the most important thing, but I have lost so many fish because I didn't have a net with me, so just save yourself the headache and get a cheap rubber
landing net, they are like 20 bucks.
After we know your actual location, we can talk about flies. There is an entire universe surrounding fishing flies, and enough literature to fill an entire library. The best thing you can do is research the purpose and differences between dry flies, nymphs, and streamers, and maybe wet flies. Look up the Orvis Fishing Co. blog, they have so many awesome instructional videos and posts.