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Over one-third of the world's population now has the TB bacterium in their bodies and new infections are occurring at a rate of one per second. Not everyone who is infected develops the disease and asymptomatic latent TB infection is most common. However, one in ten latent infections will progress to active TB disease which, if left untreated, kills more than half of its victims. In 2004, 14.6 million people had active TB and there were 8.9 million new cases and 1.7 million deaths, mostly in developing countries. A rising number of people in the developed world contract tuberculosis because their immune systems are compromised by immunosuppressive drugs, substance abuse or HIV/AIDS.
The rise in HIV infection levels and the neglect of TB control programs have enabled a resurgence of tuberculosis. Drug-resistant
strains of TB have emerged and are spreading (in 2000–2004, 20% of
cases were resistant to standard treatments and 2% were also resistant
to second-line drugs). TB incidence varies widely, even in neighboring countries, and this appears to be caused by differences in healthcare. The World Health Organization declared TB a global health emergency in 1993, and the Stop TB Partnership proposed a Global Plan to Stop Tuberculosis which aims to save 14 million lives between 2006 and 2015.
Does it really surprise you that much? The world is rediculously overpopulated, a ton of third world countries where diseases run rampant, the USA's borders are wide open for tons of illegal immigrants with no health checks entering. I do think that its to much of a coincidence that the guys father in law is a doctor who researches TB though.....