Back in the late 1800s and early 1900s, while the world was still shooting black and white photographs, Russian photographer Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky was busy inventing techniques for creating color images. Credited with capturing the only known color photo of Leo Tolstoy, Prokudin-Gorsky’s technique involved capturing three separate monochrome photographs of the same scene, each captured through a red, green, or blue filter. He would then project the three slides using colored lights, which reconstructed the original color scene. Since the images were captured at different times, any changes in the scene caused my movement show up as ghosted images (similar to what happens in HDR photography).
Here’s a sampling of his work:
In 1948, the United States Library of Congress purchased 1,902 of Prokudin-Gorskii’s photographs from his family (they’re viewable here). His entire collection of unrestored photographs can be seen on this website.
Thanks for sending in the tip, Felix!