Finally, someone with advanced legal training has taken the time to painstakingly analyze the finer points of Jay-Z's 99 Problems from the perspective of the fourth amendment implications raised by the second verse. This is, of course, long overdue analysis.
I'm actually posting this because every week or so someone makes a thread about five-o asking "can I do this" or "can I do that". This is a pretty damned complete guide to the use of traffic stops to search for drugs in a car; what the officer can and can't do, and how to avoid letting them do those things. Basically, he's produced a guide for both sides of this kind of encounter.
"It turns out that, while some other law professors have noticed99 Problems, no one has yet provided a detailed, accurate analysis of the Fourth Amendment issues Verse 2 raises. In this Essay, I remedy that deficiency in the literature."