i did a chem paper on this that isnt very good this is kindof what it looked like
Marijuana-atall, coarse plant, Cannabis sativa, that is native to Asia but naturalized orcultivated in many parts of the world and is the source of a valuable fiber aswell as drugs such as marijuana and hashish.
MedicalMarijuana- refers to the use of the dried flowers and subtending leaves andstems from pistillate Cannabis plants as a physician-recommended drug orherbal therapy as well as to the constituents of cannabis, THC and otherCannabinoids. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medical_cannabis)
Marijuanais the 3rd most popular recreational drug, behind alcohol andtobacco, and has been used by nearly 100 million Americans, 25 million in pastyear and 14 million use regularly. Marijuana was embraced by western medicineduring the mid 17th century. (norml.org)
Useof medical marijuana dates back five thousand years it has been used by manydifferent cultures and in many different places around the world such as China,Egypt, India and Greece.
MedicalMarijuana has been used in China since the 3rd century. The first knowperson to use medical marijuana was Hou Tuo who ground up the plant and mixedit with wine then took orally. Marijuana is one of the 50 fundamental herbs inChinese culture.
Marijuanawas used by the ancient Egyptians in small dissolvable capsules to relieve painfrom hemorrhoids. Marijuana is also referred to in texts that date back to the18th century BC.
Marijuana’smood changing properties have been mentioned in the texts of ancient India.Indians used marijuana for many different medical needs like: insomnia,inability to fall asleep or to remain asleep long, headaches, gastrointestinaldisorders, problems in the stomach and intestines and they also used it forpain especially during child birth.
Greeksalso used marijuana not only for human medicine but also in the veterinaryfields. Marijuana was used by humans in Greece to relieve nose bleeds and theseeds were used to fight tapeworms.
Marijuanahas many positive effects. Marijuana has been tested and proved to relievepain, nausea, vomitingand other symptoms caused by such illnesses as multiple sclerosis, cancer andAIDS. It is also proven to help with the symptoms of the powerful medicinesused to treat these diseases.
Marijuana also hastherapeutic properties that although require further testing could prove to bebeneficial in the future. Even smoked marijuana also has very few side effectsin the past four decades of which marijuana has been smoke in western countriesthere has been no evidence that it is attributed with lung cancer or emphysema.“I suspect that a day's breathing in any city with poor air quality poses moreof a threat than inhaling a day's dose -- which for many ailments is just aportion of a joint -- of marijuana." (LesterGrinspoon, MD, Professor of Psychiatry at Harvard Medical School)
Ithas been show that patients who received medical marijuana had improved immunesystems whereas the patients who received placebos, marijuana without Tetrahydrocannabino,THC, did not show these improved functions.
Although marijuana has many positive effects some may say thatthe negatives out way them. Marijuanahas no better side effects than some of the drugs used for the same purpose.Marijuana may cause some short term memory loss and three or four marijuanacigarettes are equal to twenty or more tobacco cigarettes in terms of acute andchronic bronchitis.
Some organizations say that much further testing is neededbefore marijuana is brought into the medical field. Also in some studies thathave been done it is shown that patients with preexisting immune systemdisorders caused by AIDs are expected to be more susceptible to damage causedby the drug.`
Statesthat allow medical Marijuana and their guidelines
In the United States of America there are fourteen states thathave legalized the medicinal use of marijuana. These states include; Alaska, California,Colorado, Hawaii, Maine, Michigan, Montana, New Mexico, Rhode Island, Oregon,Vermont and Washington. All of these states have different regulations on thepurchasable amount of marijuana and how the marijuana is obtained.(norml.org)
Above is a small part of a chartincluding 5 of the 13 states and their restrictions on medical marijuana
Ballot Measure 8 (58%)
1 oz usable; 6 plants (3 mature, 3 immature)
Proposition 215 (56%)
8 oz usable; 18 plants (6 mature, 12 immature)
Ballot Amendment 20 (54%)
2 oz usable; 6 plants (3 mature, 3 immature)
Senate Bill 862 (32-18 House; 13-12 Senate)
3 oz usable; 7 plants (3 mature, 4 immature)
Senate Bill 76 (22-7) HB 645 (82-59)
2 oz usable; 9 plants (2 mature, 7 immature)
Medical marijuanaaffects its users because of cannaboids, certain compounds in marijuana. Thereare 60 cannaboids in marijuana the most predominate beingdelta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol or THC. The various cannaboids in medicalmarijuana are what cause the psychoactive sensations that occur after the useof it. Below is a diagram of THC at a Molecular level.
Initiative 692 (59%)
24 oz usable; 15 plants
Medical Marijuana inthe News
In the past few weeks the legalization of marijuana has beenhighly broadcasted around the different types of news media. This is themajority of an article that ran in the NY Times October 25, 2009
GREELEY,Colo. — Health and law enforcement officials around the nation are scramblingto figure out how to regulate medical marijuana now that the federal government hasdecided it will no longer prosecute legal users or providers.
For years, since the first medical marijuana laws werepassed in the mid-1990s, many local and state governments could be confident,if not complacent, knowing that marijuana would be kept in check because itremained illegal under federal law, and that hard-nosed federal prosecutorswere not about to forget it.
Butwith the Justice Department’s announcement last week that it would notprosecute people who use marijuana for medical purposes in states where it islegal, local and state officials say they will now have to take on the jobthemselves.
InNew Hampshire, for instance, where some state legislators are considering a medical marijuana law, there isconcern that the state health department — already battered by budget cuts —could be hard-pressed to administer the system. In California, where there hasbeen an explosion of medical marijuana suppliers, the authorities in Los Angelesand other jurisdictions are considering a requirement that all medicaldispensaries operate as nonprofit organizations.
(http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/26/us/26marijuana.html?_r=1&scp=2&sq=medical%20marijuana&st=cse) Many states are considering legalizing themedical use of marijuana although the federal government does not say that itis legal.
I think that legalizing medical marijuana would be a step in theright direction for the federal government. In the US today there are manychronically ill people who could greatly benefit from the use of medicalmarijuana. I have seen videos and read articles of people and about people andhow after being treated with medical marijuana are able to live and enjoy lifemore.
I also think medical marijuana needs much further more intensivestudy than what has happened in the past and what is happening now. Moreresearch is needed to know the real benefits of marijuana and if it is worthlegalizing instead of just using the current drugs of today.
Legalizing marijuana would have a positive effect on the USeconomy as well since there is so much money spent to try and keep the peopleselling and doing marijuana behind bars, some of which should be, this moneycould be used to help pay off our immense debt and give the world of tomorrow afighting chance.
"the best surfer in the world is the one who is having the most fun" Tsunami-Peyton