he said it looks like a one hitter, i think it needs to be more blatant then that. if it was just a cig, would that have been probable cause? can any cop say a cig looks like a one hitter and search the vehicle?
i think the cop knew this was not probable cause, and had to use the threat of impounding the car to get the kid to consent
which brings me to my final point, he does not have a chance. it was deceiving but your friend did after all consent to a search, no matter how wrong it seems, which makes none of the evidence found admissible in a court of law. if all along he was stating that he did not consent to any searches then the search would have been unconstitutional and he would have had a much better chance of appealing this, unfortunately he did consent and let the LEO into his car
dont take my word for all this, i have not taken any courses on law, and am only a sophmore in highschool
im just quoting you because i first read the initial comment when i saw you quote it